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Information about Stem Cells

The medical field has experienced numerous advancements over the years. The reason for the numerous advancements in the technologies that have been invented. Stem cell therapy has been deemed to have great promise in treating various diseases medical conditions due to the numerous advancements made in the medical field. The differences between stem cells and regular cells are numerous. You need to research more about stem cells if you want to understand stem cells more. Stem cells are mainly of two types. Stem cells are mainly categorized into adult stem cells and embryonic stem cells. Stem cells derived from living human beings are referred to as adult stem cells. Stem cells that are derived from human embryos are referred to as embryonic stem cells.

Even though adult stem cells cannot become all the cell types found in the human body, they are still as versatile as embryonic stem cells. The first uses of stem cells were umbilical cord and bone mallow transplantation. However, some scientists believed that the inability of adult stem cells to become all the cell types found in the human body made them inferior to embryonic stem cells. Scientists hope they can make adult stem cells capable of becoming any cell type in the human body by reprogramming adult stem cells. Reprogrammed adult stem cells are also referred to as induced pluripotent stem cells.

Like embryonic stem cells, induced pluripotent stem cells can become all the stem cells found in the human body. Adult stem cells are easy to harvest, available in plenty, and have a low risk of immune system injection in patients even though they cannot divide to create every type of cell found in the human body. The embryo is mainly made up of only stem cells within the first four to five days after fertilization. The stem cells in embryos are responsible for developing into any type of cell in the human body. Five or six days after fertilization, the stem cells forming the embryo cease to be pluripotent.

Perinatal stem cells are mostly sourced from amniotic fluid and tissue, umbilical cord blood and tissue, and placental blood and tissue. Bone marrow extraction, blood draw, and tissue fat extraction, also referred to as liposuction, are the main ways of harvesting adult stem cells. Embryos used to harvest embryonic stem cells are not grown in a woman’s womb; instead, they are multiplied in a laboratory. If you want to be a donor for stem cells, you should be prepared to feel fatigued and sore for a few weeks because about ten percent of a donor’s bone marrow is extracted. So that the procedure of extracting stem cells from the bone marrow can be painless the donor sedated.

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